Dear readers, as we, living in Bursa, the fourth largest city in Turkey, I think that many things about business and civil service life should be well known. In today’s article, I will talk about the concept of disability and the conditions of giving pension to disabled people. Disability, in short, means the state of being disabled. Invalidity insurance, on the other hand, is one of the long-term insurance branches established to cover the income losses of the insured who are found to be disabled as a result of any illness or accident after the date of first employment. Disability status is the first social hazard regulated within the long-term insurance branch. It creates permanent and permanent effects such as disability, old age and death. For this reason, the aid provided in this context is also continuous. Providing financial support to the insured person, who loses his/her working power partially or completely due to some reasons, and whose economic situation is shaken due to this reason, lies on the basis of his/her pension due to disability. This income, which the insured is deprived of, is given during the continuation of his disability. So, what are the necessary conditions for this pension to be paid? 1) DISABILITY There are two different possibilities and reasons for invalidation in terms of invalidity insurance for those working as workers and self-employed self-employed persons according to the employment contract. The first possibility is that the rate of loss of working power is at least 60%. On the other hand, in order to be considered disabled, the reason for losing the ability to work is of no importance. In addition, it does not matter whether the insured is at fault or not. It is determined by the Institution Health Board as a result of the examination of the reports to be duly prepared by the health boards of the health services providers and the medical documents that the insured has lost at least 60% of his working power. The second possibility is related to work accident and occupational disease. In this possibility, in order for the disability pension to be granted, the conditions for the disability to be caused by work accident and occupational disease and to lose at least 60% of the earning power in the profession are sought. The calculation of how much the earning power will decrease in the profession is made according to the tables in the Determination Tables for the Loss Rate of Earning Power in the Profession. As a rule, civil servants will be considered disabled if they lose at least 60% of their working power. However, apart from this, if the insurance holders in question lose their earning power in the profession to such an extent that they cannot perform their duties, they will still be considered as disabled. In this possibility, it was considered sufficient for the insured to lose his earning power in the profession to the extent that he could not perform his duty. Those who are unable to perform their duties as a result of their illness will be deemed to be disabled or duty-disabled depending on the nature of their illness and the reason for their birth, provided that their illness continues beyond the periods specified in the laws. 2) DISABILITY OCCUR AFTER STARTING TO WORK If the insured person starts to work for the first time and is already in a condition that necessitates being considered disabled, he/she is not entitled to a disability pension. However, if the insured’s disability is milder at the time he/she starts working, but reaches a certain intensity after he/she is insured (60% loss of working power or 60% loss of earning power or being unable to perform his/her duty), he/she is also provided with disability insurance benefits. 3) INSURANCE AND CONTRIBUTION PAYMENT FOR A PERIOD TIME In order to be able to receive invalidity pension, the insured must also be insured for at least ten years, and a total of 1800 days of invalidity, old-age and survivors insurance premium must be declared on behalf of the insured. However, if the insured is disabled to a degree that needs the continuous care of another person, then it is sufficient to have 1800 days of premium notification without seeking the insurance period. 4) LEAVE FROM WORK AND APPLICATION TO THE INSTITUTION Unless the insured applies, the Social Security Institution cannot automatically send the insured person for examination, and pay an invalidity pension. In order for the pension to be paid, the disability must be determined with a report, the insured must apply to the Institution after leaving the job or closing or transferring the workplace.